the wear life and fatigue life of steel heat-treated components. This article explores some factors that cause decarburization while concentrat- ing on its. Decarburization is the change in content and structure of steel wherein some surface layers of steel and carbon are lost. In complete decarburization, the top. Decarburization is a loss of carbon in the surface-adjacent zone of the material ( Gunnarson, ). From: Thermochemical Surface Engineering of Steels,

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Adverse effects of decarburization include: This may also lead to various problems with machinery created from steel.

When considered a defect, decarburisatuon testing can be useful to determine whether carbon loss levels are acceptable. The size of the furnace may range from a moderately sized building to handle many thousands of tonnes of steel, to a furnace the size of a microwave oven.

Another measure is to have the steel heated in an inert environment which lacks oxygen. By referring to the phase diagram, it can be decarburization that the surface will be rich in ferrite, the unaffected regions away from the surface will be fully pearlitic.

Electro-slag remelting Vacuum arc remelting Argon oxygen decarburization. Decarburization can be either advantageous or detrimental, depending on the application for which the metal will be used.

Decarburization – Wikipedia

Comment on why the two results are different. The oxygen has therefore started to oxidise the iron. Carbon loss can result in unstable steel, which leads to reduced performance. Notice that the steel cannot be of exactly the eutectoid composition since there is some ferrite even in the regions which are not decarburized.


Reduced ductility Reduced strength Formation of cracks Formation of a scaly surface texture Decarburization can be either dangerous or beneficial, depending on the way it is applied or how the metal is used.

Iron and steel production. How does your calculated time compare with an estimate made assuming that the diffusion distance is? It has been heated in an electric furnace, without any particular protection, at o C for 2 hours and then cooled slowly to ambient temperature.

The heat-treatment usually involves the steel being heated into a temperature in the austenite phase field. Causes and Preventive Measures. The microstructure away from the surface of the steel. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Decarburisahion Policy. Pattern welding Damascus steel Crucible steeel Tatara furnace Cementation process. In other circumstances, it can be due to corrosion or poor handling.

Retrieved from ” https: At the higher magnification it becomes clear that the top surface is almost completely denuded of carbon.


Decarburization is secarburisation change in content and structure of steel wherein some surface layers of steel and carbon are lost.

History of ferrous metallurgy List of steel producers. You will find below a series of micrographs taken as a function of position away from the surface, and at a variety of magnifications. Bloomery produces sponge iron Blast furnace produces pig iron Cold blast Hot blast Anthracite iron Direct reduced iron.


Decarburization of Steel

The microstructure on the left is representative of a low-carbon steel whereas that on the left of a higher stwel steel. Decarburization normally takes place when steel goes through the heating process in an environment where oxygen is present, resulting in loss of carbon and oxidation. Metal Mater Trans A. Identifying Limiting Conditions for Coatings Specification.

Deczrburisation or decarbonization is the process opposite to carburizationdecarburisationn the reduction of carbon content. In other settings where decarburization is deliberately performed, testing can be performed to identify the level of decarburization. This page was last edited on 25 Octoberat Because the components like chromium and molybdenum of some stainless steels are very oxidizable, these steels can only be decarburized by reacting with dry hydrogen, which has no water content, unlike wet hydrogen, which is produced in a way that includes some water and can otherwise be used for decarburization.

Decarburization can be either dangerous or beneficial, depending on the way it is applied or how the metal is used.

Decarburisation of steel

Note that the amount of ferrite light etching phase increases as the surface is approached. The microstructure at the free surface of the steel. How can you avoid flash rust during wet blasting?