Daldinia concentrica, King Alfred’s Cakes or Cramp Balls: identification pictures ( images), habitat, edible or poisonous; taxonomy, etymology, synonyms, similar. Daldinia concentrica with centipedes Maybe you were a very bad boy or girl during the year, and all Santa Claus brought you for Christmas was a lump of coal in. King Alfred’s Cakes, Daldinia concentrica, also known as Cramp Balls. This distinctive fungus grows on Ash trees.
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As with other fungi the light spores are distributed globally and the fungi develop wherever conditions are suitable – it lives on dead and decaying wood, and is a common, widespread saprotroph. Rodents of Unusual Size communitycoypudocumentaryecosystemenvironmentfilmmakerfilmmakinginvasiveinvasive speciesrodentsUSAWetlandswildlife Monday 24 September Wildscreen With – Tom Hooker: It is also believed by some authorities that the alder wood wasp is involved in the dispersal of spores.
Ash trees often shed their branches and by growing on these fallen branches, Daldinia concentrica helps them to rot away. Please donate to Arkive Help us share the wonders of the natural world. The nearly globose to hemispherical but often irregularly shaped fruit bodies are grayish-white to pinkish- brown at first. A paper examines the chemical composition of Daldinia concentrica but you need to subscribe to the Journal of Natural Products if you want to read more than the abstract.
Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. Numerous concentric layers of fungus tissue i. This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. It may NOT be used within Apps. The small bumps on the surface of the fruiting body are the necks of the perithecia – a Perithecium singular refers to the flask-shaped cavities that are formed within the carbonaceous stroma of sterile tissue.
There may be further information about this species available via the National Biodiversity Network Atlas. Fruit bodies cm wide. Find out more For more information on King Alfred’s cakes, see: AfricachimpanzeeconservationfilmIn the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival. X Close Image credit.
Black ascospores are ejected from these openings in great numbers, covering the surface of the fruit body and nearby surfaces. Concentrlca info on Wikipedia. The fungus is a useful form of tinder for fire-lighting.
These are darker than the flesh, which is more purplish-brown than black on its inside. Each of these zones represent an annual growth, sames as rings in the trunks of trees. The rings of Daldinia concentrica also represent a season’s worth of reproduction.
King Alfred’s cakes threats This fungus is not threatened. Caterpillars of the concealer moth Harpella forficella have been found to eat this fungus. King Alfred’s cakes Daldinia concentrica.
The brown variety is usually too heavy and dense to be much good; the black variety is lighter and better. During spring 2it can be found covered in a layer of sooty black spores ; these are released at night and can travel up to 2 cm away from the fruit body from which they were discharged. This article includes a list of references concenyrica, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.
X Close Link to this photo Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below. Concetnrica doubt as to the identity of the specimen is removed upon slicing the confentrica body open to reveal the concentric zonation of the flesh.
The moth was first seen in Britain inin Berkshire, and has since been seen in Sussex and Leicestershire.
Some species are deadly poisonous and can cause death within a few hours if swallowed. Lesser horseshoe bat Rhinolophus hipposideros. These hyphae permeate the fungus’s food source, which may be soil, leaf litter, rotten wood, dung, raldinia so on, depending on the species 3. The surface of mature Carbon balls may appear finely dotted pimple-dotted with minute bumps. Glossary Fruit body In fungi, the fruit body is the visible part of the fungus which bears spores microscopic particles involved in both dispersal and reproduction.
Authentication This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. Retrieved 19 December It does need to be completely dry, whereupon it will take a spark from traditional flint and steel.
The fruitbody of Daldinia concentrica does look like a burnt cake, or perhaps a lump of charcoal. Note the concentric zonation of the cut open specimens in the foreground. Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island. This is where I have usually seen the fungus, though a study from says that the fungus is often associated with Birches Betula in Scotland. With maturity, the fruit body becomes grayish-brown to blackish.
King Alfred’s Cakes, Daldinia concentrica
King Alfred’s cakes habitat King Alfred’s cakes are found growing on the dead branches of deciduous trees, particularly ash, but can also occur on beech and alder 4. Carbon balls; Crampballs; King Alfred’s cakes.
Daldinia concentrica – Wikipedia
January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Blog Friday 05 October Wildscreen With: This website needs financial support through sponsors or advertisment – check here. This fungus plays a pivotal role in accelerating the decomposition of the fallen branches of ash treeswhich are naturally dropped very frequently.
In many larger fungi lichens excepted the only visible parts are the fruit bodieswhich arise from a largely unseen network of threads condentrica ‘hyphae’.
Once lit dxldinia usually requires constant oxygen flow to keep burning, such as through swinging the fungus or blowing on it. A related species, Daldinia vernicosahas a narrowed, stemlike sterile base beneath the fertile portion.