BATTLE OF TALIKOTA PDF

The grand Hampi was reduced to a wasteland. Even today, it is known by the tragic Kannada moniker, Haalu Hampi (Ruined Hampi). And this. The Battle of Talikota (or Tellikota) (January 26, ) constituted a watershed battle fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Deccan. The Battle of Talikota is one of the most important battles in South Asia’s long history.

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Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. The Venkata II waited till just before batt,e and launched a strong artillery barrage on the Muslim army.

Previous Battle of Stalingrad. A huge Mohammedan army suddenly set forth from Adoni to attack Penukonda from different directions. Thus, till the end of Venkata? That tactic, although working initially to his favor, backfired later. Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah Wali. They looted, plundered and destroyed the city. Tirumala thought that his negotiations would result in Nizam Shah and Qutb Shah forming a common cause against Adil Shah.

Some Kannada-speaking regions became part of Hyderabad Karnataka ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad and Bombay Presidency governed by Maratha chieftains all of whom came under the British umbrella. It ended in the defeat of Vijayanagara, resulting in its subsequent weakening. Venkata II followed this up with a strike on Udayagiri and liberated it from the stranglehold of the Muslim troops.

Fighting in a rocky terrain, the invading troops launched a classic offensive strategy. There was another pitched battle at that juncture, but in vain. A victorious army, along with hordes of robbers and jungle dwellers, fell upon the great city, looting, robbing, murdering, ttalikota pillaging the residents.

Some minor Hindu kingdoms who held grudges against the Vijayanagara Empire aided the sultanates. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats. Inhe felt he was too old to rule and retired to a religious life of Vishnubhakti Devotion to God Vishnu. He was faced by Nizam Shah’s division. Internet URLs are the best.

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Tirumala failed to lay claim over Vijayanagara. On 21 Decemberthe holy solisticial day for the Hindus, Chennappa advanced heavy guns against the Muslim flanks and opened an intense simultaneous bombardment from the Penukonda ledges and the flanks. Qutb Shah decided to put an end to the Hindu resistance and sent his ace general Rustam Khan with Muslim army of around men to smash Venkata.

Chennappa sent a message to him appeal to his duty to the Dharma against the Mlecchas and Turushkas. Other scholars disagree that Rama Raya interfered with Sultanate affairs but, rather, used the disunity of battlle Sultans to the advantage of Vijayanagara. The rulers of the Vijayanagara empire, seated in the capital city of Vijayanagara, had become complacent and over confident. Ralikota fired continuously from the front end, leaving thousands of Hindus dead, and at that point an elephant belonging to Ahmadnagar pushed Rama Raya out of his litter.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles: At the same time Adil Shah sent a false message to the Hindu commander that he wished to remain neutral. The “Malik-i-Maidan” Master of the Field cannon, stated to be the largest piece of cast bronze ordnance in the world, was utilized by the Deccan Sultanates during the confrontation at Talikota.

Battle of Talikota (1565 AD)

In the Tamil talijota Nayakas of Madurai, Tanjavur and Gingee established independent kingdoms, which to a great extant restored local stability in these regions. He made Penukonda his capital and started heavily fortifying it to prepare for a major defensive war.

With axes, crowbars, fire, and sword, the victorious armies went about the task of bringing to rubble the city of Vijayanagara, which never recovered from the onslaught. Hard pressed in Adoni the Hindu armies capitulated but Tirumala and Chennappa put up a strong resistance at Penukonda and batle the Muslim forces from the Telugu country.

Next a large Muslim army of the under the Qutb? However, it left a residue of Telugu enclaves and local elites scattered over most of South India.

Date 26 January Aliya Rama Raya ‘s habit of nominating family relatives to key positions of the former kingdom instead of loyal officers became a reason for family feuds and rebellion. Two Muslim soldiers, the Gilani brothers, had betrayed the Hindu troops. From those sources, the following reasons have been forwarded:.

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Date January 26, Six years passed before Tirumala could claim regency over the former capital of Vijayanagara. Tirumala however could not lay claim over Vijayanagara as locals instead supporting the younger brother of Aliya Rama Rayaalso called Tirumala, the regent. He then strengthened his army to deter any further Muslim attacks and finally ascended the throne with the title: A History of India. They had been expelled from Adil shah’s army for betraying him but were offered a higher status in Rama Raya’s army.

Qutb Shah and Nizam Shah, who were friends, decided to go on their own first and led their divisions to clash with Tirumala Deva Raya ‘s division.

Battle of Talikota – New World Encyclopedia

Fifth, in spite of all those disadvantages, historians agree that the betrayal by two key Vijayanagara commanders, the Gilani brothers, who had thousands of soldiers under their command, stood as the biggest reason for the defeat. It left taliokta residue of Telugu enclaves and local elites scattered over most of South India.

Historians have debated the cause of the defeat. No one knew what was going on, an intelligence failure on the part of Rama Raya. In latehe appeared near the great Narasimha temple at Ahobilam, which had been enormously endowed by several generations since the Reddis and the Vijayanagarans.

His hordes began systematically ravaging the territory south of the Krishna with great ferocity. Why the Vijayanagara empire, possessing such military power, a vigorous economy, powerful religious traditions, and natural defensive features, fell to the Muslim sultanates after only two centuries is puzzling.