Jul 31, PDF | On Jan 1, , John L. Capinera and others published Pepper Weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano (Insecta: Coleoptera. Summary. Anthonomus eugenii Cano (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) was observed for the first time in Italy and the Mediterranean Region attacking sweet pepper. The pepper weevil (Anthonomus eugenii) feeds and lays eggs on the genus Capsicum and a few species of Solanum (Solanaceae). It is an important pest of .
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Insecticides are commonly applied to the foliage at short intervals once buds begin to form. Similarly, a crop-free period, if accompanied by destruction of alternate hosts, can disrupt the life cycle. Larvae are aggressive, with only a single larva surviving within a bud, though anthonomys than one can occur within larger fruit.
Feeding damage on pepper caused by larvae of the pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano.
Adult is shown to the left. Aggregation pheromone for the pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano Coleoptera: Larva of the Cuban pepper weevil, Faustinus cubae Boheman. Insect Management Guide for tomatoes, peppers and eggplant Cultural practices. Curculionidae in bell peppers. Segarra-Carmona and Pantoja b estimated that economic damage commences with adult populations of 0.
It is now found across the southernmost United States from Florida to California. Oviposition may commence euhenii two days of mating. Eugeenii larva in stalk at upper left.
Among vegetables, all varieties of pepper are susceptible to attack, tomatillo is a moderately susceptible host, and eggplant grown in proximity to pepper will sometimes be injured.
Eggs are deposited singly beneath the surface of the bud or pod. Second instars measure about 1.
EPPO Global Database
It is very important to eliminate wild solanaceous host plants if pepper weevil is to be managed efffectively. Pepper weevil adult response to colored eguenii traps in pepper fields. They are oval in shape and measure 0. Parasitoids of pepper weevil include Catolaccus hunteri Crawford Hymenoptera: There are few cultural practices that significantly affect pepper weevil damage.
Anthonomus eugenii (ANTHEU)[Overview]| EPPO Global Database
An important form of damage is destruction anthonomue blossom buds and immature pods. Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin Host relations are described by Patrock and Schuster Both adult and larval feeding causes bud drop. Curculionidae on bell peppers. Feeding begins immediately after emergence. Removal and destruction of fallen fruit, for example, will result in destruction of larvae and pupae. A complete generation requires 20 to 30 days, depending on weather.
An action threshold for eugeniii of the pepper weevil Coleoptera: Gordon R, Armstrong AM. Population ecology, life history, and biological control of the pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano Coleoptera: Dorsal view of pupa with head and rostrum shown in ventral view.
CapineraUniversity of Florida. Sampling and dispersion of pepper weevil Coleoptera: In central Florida, adults are common from March until June, reflecting the availability of peppers, but a few can be found throughout the year except in December and January.
The antennae are long and markedly expanded at the tip. Pepper weevil larvae develop only plants in the family Solanaceae.
The color is dark mahogany to nearly black. Biologia del picudo del pimiento, Anthonomus eugeniiCano Coleoptera: Pepper drop in the field; a common sign of infestation by the pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano.
Oviposition occurs on plants in the genera Capsicum and Solanumbut feeding by adults extends to other Solanaceae such anthomomus PhysalisLycopersiconDaturaPetuniaand Nicotiana.
The eggs are white when first deposited, but soon turn yellow. Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin Management Back to Top Sampling. The female creates an egg cavity with her mouthparts before depositing the egg, and seals the puncture containing the egg with a light brown fluid that hardens and darkens.
Insecticidal suppression is feasible, but insecticides vary considerably in effectiveness, and even in the presence of chemical insecticides some loss commonly occurs. Photograph by Paul M. The distribution of weevils is aggregated. Action thresholds of one adult per terminal buds Riley et al.
Anthonomus eugenii –
The thorax and elytra are mostly covered with small scales. Photograph by John L. Larva of the pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano.
fugenii The origin of the pepper weevil likely is Mexico, though it has spread throughout most of Central America and the Caribbean, and to the southern USA.